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biografía : Suffocation (USA)

Relapse Records is proud to bring you the new release from death metal legends Suffocation, entitled 'Souls to deny.' Suffocation, (Frank Mullen - vocals, Terrance Hobbs - guitar, Guy Marchais - guitar, Derek Boyer - bass, Mike Smith - drums) one of the most influential and emulated bands in the history of extreme music and the pioneers of the now-infamous 'New York death metal sound,' return to the Relapse label after releasing the now classic albums 'Effigy Of The Forgotten' (1991), 'Breeding the Spawn' (1993), and 'Pierced from within' (1995) via Roadrunner Records.

In death metal history, Suffocation stands unique for fusing the technical with the percussive, brutal "older" styles of death metal as well as for being emulated more than any other band. Previous to Suffocation's formation, death metal used simple structures and repetitive, percussive beats ending in extremely recognizable resolutions to sound heavy and dark, but was often shunned by metal audiences as "too rudimentary and redundant." Suffocation integrated the heavier styles of death metal with the muffled strumming and downstroke rhythms of speed metal while introducing far more complex rhythms, a variety of influences, and bizarre, mocking lead guitar. Suffocation's approach was to meld the emotions of hardcore and extreme avantgarde metal into a contexture of intricate conflicting structures through absorption of both to form the ultimate in pummeling, concrete, functional rhythms.

After forming in 1990, Suffocation quickly released their 3-song debut 'Reincremation.' Within weeks of its existence came the interest of many labels who wanted to claim stake to the next Suffocation album. The band chose to release its follow-up, 'Human waste' through Relapse Records in 1991. Complex and unrelentingly savage, 'Human waste' saw Suffocation bash out the beginnings of death metal's most visible style, the "New York" combination of blasting grindcore beats and metallic textures. This was only but the beginning...

The now classic, 'Effigy Of The Forgotten' was released in 1991 via Roadrunner Records. 'Effigy...' took the rhythmic relentlessness of hardcore beats, put them into speed metal structures and overlaid off-time counterpoint structures. 'Effigy Of The Forgotten' took Suffocation's intent to a new plane, taking the multiple languages of music and unifying them in an evocative, thundering chorus of death metal.

Bassist, Josh Barohn was replaced by Chris Richards for the following album, 1993's 'Breeding the Spawn.' Thunderously heavy and rigorously artistic, 'Breeding the Spawn' surpassed expectations. Highly rhythmic, Suffocation's second album built on the legacy of their first with more emphasis on the bearing weight of repeated changing/off time rhythms (see later day practitioners MESHUGGAH) and a SLAYER-derived sense of melody. The guttural vocal expansion of vocalist Frank Mullen perfectly complimented the creative lead work from Cerritos and Hobbs. After the release of 'Breeding...,' Suffocation hit the road for months on end in support of the release, bringing their jaw-dropping live performances to both their devoted legions of followers, and hordes of wide-eyed new devotees.

In 1994, drummer Mike Smith left Suffocation and was replaced by drummer Doug Bohn. This new line-up featured on the 1994 live album, 'Live Death.'

Following the release of 1995's 'Pierced from within,' Suffocation embarked on successful tours of Europe, Canada, Mexico, and the United States, playing to thousands and enjoying increased album sales. After these tours, drummer Doug Bohn was replaced by former MALEVOLENT CREATION drummer Dave Culross.

In 1998, Suffocation once again hooked up with legendary producer/engineer Scott Burns for the recording of the EP, 'Despise the sun.' Released on micro-indie Vulture Records, 'Despise the sun' contained Suffocation's most accomplished material to date, the band comfortable enough in their style to develop it to a muscular prime. A savage example of pounding death metal, 'Despise the sun' was engaging, energetic and insightful death metal with no letup in intensity.

Despite 'Despise the sun's' powerful testament to artistic process and death metal design, the EP suffered from the lack of both availability and awareness that its small issuer would provide. In September, 2000, Relapse stepped in and reissued 'Despise...,' the increased awareness and exposure led many to believe that Suffocation were ready to reclaim their rightful place atop death/extreme metal's hierarchy that their self-imposed three year layoff had nearly compromised. Unfortunately, internal conflicts forced Suffocation to disband soon after.

Rumors of a Suffocation "reunion" began to surface in early 2002 and the death metal world was immediately abuzz with the possibility. Suffocation confirmed their intentions soon afterwards and with a line-up of Mike Smith (drums), Terrance Hobbs (guitar), Guy Marchais (guitar), Frank Mullen (vocals), and Derek Boyer (bass), the band resumed writing and rehearsals and announced that they were back to stay and ready to deliver once again.

Immediately upon the announcement, Suffocation headlined the sold-out 2003 installments of the New England Metal and Hardcore Festival, Maryland Deathfest and Milwaukee Metalfest(s) to a rousing response. In June, 2003, the band unveiled a brand new song entitled "Deceit." Still unsigned, Suffocation's video for "Deceit" made its world-premier on FUSE's "Uranium" program, and, as a testament to their universally-recognized impact on the genre, Suffocation was profiled on both "Uranium" and MTV2's
"Headbangers Ball."

The wildly influential band entered New York's Full Force Studios with engineer Joe Cincotta in winter, 2003 to begin recording their first full album of new material since 'Pierced from within,' entitled 'Souls to deny.'

Suffocation return with 'Souls to deny,' their first full length album in nearly a decade and first full length album for Relapse Records. Masterfully controlled and seething with intensity, 'Souls to deny' is a superb display of technical death metal. Maniacally complex lead and rhythm guitar acrobatics interweave with dizzyingly proficient drum work, creating complex, savage riff collages. Containing "Deceit," "To Weep Once More," "Souls to deny," "Demise of the Clone," "Surgery of Impalement," "Subconsciously Enslaved," "Immortally Condemned" and "Tomes of Atrimony," 'Souls to deny' is a true return to form.

Two weeks prior to the release of 'Souls to deny,' Suffocation hit the road for their first U.S. tour of 2004, teaming up with MORBID ANGEL, SATYRICON and PREMONITIONS OF WAR. This successful tour saw Suffocation crushing everyone and everything within their path. After a short respite, Suffocation trekked to Europe to play several high-profile festivals and devastated rabid death metal fans and non-death metal fans alike.

Source: Label Officiel: http://www.relapse.com